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Title: Role of 1,3-dioxolane and LiNO3 addition on the long term stability of nanostructured silicon/carbon anodes for rechargeable lithium batteries
Authors: Jaumann, TonyBalach, JuanKlose, MarkusOswald, SteffenEckert, JürgenGiebeler, Lars
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Issue Date: 2016
Published in: Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Volume 163, Issue 3, Page A557-A564
Publisher: Pennington, NJ : ECS
Abstract: In order to utilize silicon as alternative anode for unfavorable lithium metal in lithium – sulfur (Li–S) batteries, a profound understanding of the interfacial characteristics in ether-based electrolytes is required. Herein, the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) of a nanostructured silicon/carbon anode after long-term cycling in an ether-based electrolyte for Li–S batteries is investigated. The role of LiNO3 and 1,3-dioxolane (DOL) in dimethoxy ethane (DME) solutions as typically used electrolyte components on the electrochemical performance and interfacial characteristics on silicon are evaluated. Because of the high surface area of our nanostructured electrode owing to the silicon particle size of around 5 nm and the porous carbon scaffold, the interfacial characteristics dominate the overall electrochemical reversibility opening a detailed analysis. We show that the use of DME/DOL solutions under ambient temperature causes higher degradation of electrolyte components compared to carbonate-based electrolytes used for Li–ion batteries (LIB). This behavior of DME/DOL mixtures is associated with different SEI component formation and it is demonstrated that LiNO3 addition can significantly stabilize the cycle performance of nanostructured silicon/carbon anodes. A careful post-mortem analysis and a discussion in context to carbonate-based electrolyte solutions helps to understand the degradation mechanism of silicon-based anodes in rechargeable lithium-based batteries.
Keywords: Ether; Li-ion; Li-S; Battery; SEI; Silicon; SLS
DDC: 620
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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