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Title: Airborne spectral radiation measurements to derive solar radiative forcing of Saharan dust mixed with biomass burning smoke particles
Authors: Bauer, S.Bierwirth, E.Esselborn, M.Petzold, A.Macke, A.Trautmann, T.Wendisch, M.
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Issue Date: 2017
Published in: Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology , Volume 63, Issue 4, Page 742-750
Publisher: Milton Park : Taylor & Francis
Abstract: Airborne measurements of upward solar spectral irradiances were performed during the second Saharan Mineral dUst experiMent (SAMUM-2) campaign based on the Cape Verde Islands. Additionally, airborne high resolution lidar measurements of vertical profiles of particle extinction coefficients were collected in parallel to the radiation data. Aerosol layers of Saharan dust, partly mixed with biomass-burning smoke, were probed. With corresponding radiative transfer simulations the single scattering albedo and the asymmetry parameter of the aerosol particles were derived although with high uncertainty. The broad-band aerosol solar radiative forcing at the top of atmosphere was calculated and examined as a function of the aerosol types. However, due to uncertainties in both the measurements and the calculations the chemical composition cannot be identified. In addition, a mostly measurement-based method to derive the broad-band aerosol solar radiative forcing was used. This approach revealed clear differences of broad-band net irradiances as a function of the aerosol optical depth. The data were used to identify different aerosol types from different origins. Higher portions of biomass-burning smoke lead to larger broad-band net irradiances.
Keywords: airborne sensing; albedo; biomass burning; chemical composition; dust; irradiance; optical depth; radiative forcing; solar radiation
DDC: 550
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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