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Title: Deep quench approximation and optimal control of general Cahn-Hilliard systems with fractional operators and double obstacle potentials
Authors: Colli, PierluigiGilardi, GianniSprekels, Jürgen
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.20347/WIAS.PREPRINT.2559
Issue Date: 2018
Published in: Preprint / Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik , Volume 2559, ISSN 2198-5855
Publisher: Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik
Abstract: In the recent paper Well-posedness and regularity for a generalized fractional CahnHilliard system, the same authors derived general well-posedness and regularity results for a rather general system of evolutionary operator equations having the structure of a CahnHilliard system. The operators appearing in the system equations were fractional versions in the spectral sense of general linear operators A and B having compact resolvents and are densely defined, unbounded, selfadjoint, and monotone in a Hilbert space of functions defined in a smooth domain. The associated double-well potentials driving the phase separation process modeled by the CahnHilliard system could be of a very general type that includes standard physically meaningful cases such as polynomial, logarithmic, and double obstacle nonlinearities. In the subsequent paper Optimal distributed control of a generalized fractional CahnHilliard system (Appl. Math. Optim. (2018), https://doi.org/10.1007/s00245-018-9540-7) by the same authors, an analysis of distributed optimal control problems was performed for such evolutionary systems, where only the differentiable case of certain polynomial and logarithmic double-well potentials could be admitted. Results concerning existence of optimizers and first-order necessary optimality conditions were derived, where more restrictive conditions on the operators A and B had to be assumed in order to be able to show differentiability properties for the associated control-to-state operator. In the present paper, we complement these results by studying a distributed control problem for such evolutionary systems in the case of nondifferentiable nonlinearities of double obstacle type. For such nonlinearities, it is well known that the standard constraint qualifications cannot be applied to construct appropriate Lagrange multipliers. To overcome this difficulty, we follow here the so-called deep quench method. This technique, in which the nondifferentiable double obstacle nonlinearity is approximated by differentiable logarithmic nonlinearities, was first developed by P. Colli, M.H. Farshbaf-Shaker and J. Sprekels in the paper A deep quench approach to the optimal control of an AllenCahn equation with dynamic boundary conditions and double obstacles (Appl. Math. Optim. 71 (2015), pp. 1-24) and has proved to be a powerful tool in a number of optimal control problems with double obstacle potentials in the framework of systems of CahnHilliard type. We first give a general convergence analysis of the deep quench approximation that includes an error estimate and then demonstrate that its use leads in the double obstacle case to appropriate first-order necessary optimality conditions in terms of a variational inequality and the associated adjoint state system.
Keywords: Fractional operators; Cahn–Hilliard systems; optimal control; double obstacles; necessary optimality conditions
DDC: 510
License: This document may be downloaded, read, stored and printed for your own use within the limits of § 53 UrhG but it may not be distributed via the internet or passed on to external parties.
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