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Title: In situ measurements of optical properties at Tinfou (Morocco) during the Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment SAMUM 2006
Authors: Schladitz, A.Müller, T.Kaaden, N.Massling, A.Kandler, K.Ebert, M.Weinbruch, S.Deutscher, C.Wiedensohler, A.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00397.x
Issue Date: 2017
Published in: Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology , Volume 61, Issue 1, Page 64-78
Publisher: Milton Park : Taylor & Francis
Abstract: In situ measurements of optical and physical properties of mineral dust were performed at the outskirts of the Saharan Desert in the framework of the Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment part 1 (SAMUM-1). Goals of the field study were to achieve information on the extent and composition of the dust particle size distribution and the optical properties of dust at the ground. For the particle number size distribution, measured with a DMPS/APS, a size dependent dynamic shape factor was considered. The mean refractive index of the particles in this field study is 1.53–4.1 × 10-3i at 537 nm wavelength and 1.53–3.1 × 10-3i at 637 nm wavelength derived from measurements of scattering and absorption coefficients, as well as the particle size distribution. Whereas the real part of the refractive index is rather constant, the imaginary part varies depending on the mineral dust concentrations. For high dust concentration the single scattering albedo is primarily influenced by iron oxide and is 0.96 ± 0.02 and 0.98 ± 0.01 at 537 nm and 637 nm wavelength, respectively. During low dust concentration the single scattering albedo is more influenced by a soot-type absorber and is 0.89 ± 0.02 and 0.93 ± 0.01 for the same wavelengths.
Keywords: aerosol; aerosol composition; albedo; dust; optical property; particle size; size distribution; wave scattering; wavelength
DDC: 550
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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