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Title: Regional contribution to variability and trends of global gross primary productivity
Authors: Chen, MinRafique, RashidAsrar, Ghassem R.Bond-Lamberty, BenCiais, PhilippeZhao, FangReyer, Christopher P. O.Ostberg, SebastianChang, JinfengIto, AkihikoYang, JiaZeng, NingKalnay, EugeniaWest, TristramLeng, GuoyongFrancois, LouisMunhoven, GuyHenrot, AlexandraTian, HanqinPan, ShufenNishina, KazuyaViovy, NicolasMorfopoulos, CatherineBetts, RichardSchaphoff, SibyllSteinkamp, Jörg
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Issue Date: 2017
Published in: Environmental Research Letters, Volume 12, Issue 10
Publisher: Bristol : IOP Publishing
Abstract: Terrestrial gross primary productivity (GPP) is the largest component of the global carbon cycle and a key process for understanding land ecosystems dynamics. In this study, we used GPP estimates from a combination of eight global biome models participating in the Inter-Sectoral Impact-Model Intercomparison Project phase 2a (ISIMIP2a), the Moderate Resolution Spectroradiometer (MODIS) GPP product, and a data-driven product (Model Tree Ensemble, MTE) to study the spatiotemporal variability of GPP at the regional and global levels. We found the 2000–2010 total global GPP estimated from the model ensemble to be 117 ± 13 Pg C yr−1 (mean ± 1 standard deviation), which was higher than MODIS (112 Pg C yr−1), and close to the MTE (120 Pg C yr−1). The spatial patterns of MODIS, MTE and ISIMIP2a GPP generally agree well, but their temporal trends are different, and the seasonality and inter-annual variability of GPP at the regional and global levels are not completely consistent. For the model ensemble, Tropical Latin America contributes the most to global GPP, Asian regions contribute the most to the global GPP trend, the Northern Hemisphere regions dominate the global GPP seasonal variations, and Oceania is likely the largest contributor to inter-annual variability of global GPP. However, we observed large uncertainties across the eight ISIMIP2a models, which are probably due to the differences in the formulation of underlying photosynthetic processes. The results of this study are useful in understanding the contributions of different regions to global GPP and its spatiotemporal variability, how the model- and observational-based GPP estimates differ from each other in time and space, and the relative strength of the eight models. Our results also highlight the models' ability to capture the seasonality of GPP that are essential for understanding the inter-annual and seasonal variability of GPP as a major component of the carbon cycle.
Keywords: Gross primary productivity; inter-annual variability; seasonal variability; terrestrial ecosystems
DDC: 500
License: CC BY 3.0 Unported
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