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Title: Towards closing the gap between hygroscopic growth and activation for secondary organic aerosol - Part 2: Theoretical approaches
Authors: Wex, H.Petters, M. D.Carrico, C. M.Hallbauer, E.Massling, A.McMeeking, G. R.Poulain, L.Wu, Z.Kreidenweis, S. M.Stratmann, F.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-3999-2009
Issue Date: 2009
Published in: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Volume 9, Issue 12, Page 3999-4009
Publisher: München : European Geopyhsical Union
Abstract: We examine the hygroscopic properties of secondary organic aerosol particles generated through the reaction of α-pinene and ozone using a continuous flow reaction chamber. The water activity versus composition relationship is calculated from measurements of growth factors at relative humidities up to 99.6% and from measurements of cloud condensation nuclei activity. The observed relationships are complex, suggesting highly non-ideal behavior for aerosol water contents at relative humidities less than 98%. We present two models that may explain the observed water activity-composition relationship equally well. The first model assumes that the aerosol is a pseudo binary mixture of infinitely water soluble compounds and sparingly soluble compounds that gradually enter the solution as dilution increases. The second model is used to compute the Gibbs free energy of the aerosol-water mixture and shows that the aerosol behaves similarly to what can be expected for single compounds that contain a certain fraction of oxygenated and non-polar functional groups.
DDC: 550
License: CC BY 3.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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