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Title: Development, design, and realization of a proficiency test for the forensic determination of shooting distances - FDSD 2015
Authors: Niewöhner, LudwigBarth, MartinNeimke, DieterLatzel, SilkeStamouli, AmaliaNys, BartGunaratnam, LawrenceFries, KiraUhlig, SteffenBaldauf, Henning
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Issue Date: 2016
Published in: Forensic chemistry, Volume 1 (2016), Page 22-30
Publisher: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Abstract: Within the framework of the ENFSI Expert Working Group Firearms/GSR a novel proficiency test on the Forensic Determination of Shooting Distances – FDSD 2015 – was implemented. This proficiency test was developed out of collaborative studies which were previously carried out by a number of pre-selected ENFSI laboratories. The aim of this test was to assess the laboratories’ performance in visualizing the lead patterns on a shot object, and compare the questioned patterns with provided test shot patterns. The participating laboratories were requested to estimate the presumed shooting distance following their individual laboratory specific methods (SOPs) for shooting distance/muzzle-to-target determination. The submitted results were compiled by means of z scores according to the IUPAC and EURACHEM guidelines, and an extended statistical evaluation was performed. This is one of the first proficiency tests in the field of qualitative forensic methods where z scores were successfully utilized. This paper summarizes the results of the study and presents the overall performance of the participating laboratories.
Keywords: Forensic science Gunshot residues GSR Firearms Shooting distance determination Muzzle-to-target distance Lead distribution Proficiency testing ENFSI ISO 5725 Statistical evaluation z scores Chemographic coloring Chromophoric reaction Sodium rhodizonate
DDC: 530
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Unported
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