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dc.rights.licenseThis document may be downloaded, read, stored and printed for your own use within the limits of § 53 UrhG but it may not be distributed via the internet or passed on to external parties.eng
dc.rights.licenseDieses Dokument darf im Rahmen von § 53 UrhG zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei heruntergeladen, gelesen, gespeichert und ausgedruckt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden.ger
dc.contributor.authorHarsono, Soni Sisbudi
dc.contributor.authorProchnow, Annette
dc.contributor.authorGrundmann, Philipp
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Anja
dc.contributor.authorHallmann, Claudia
dc.description.abstractThis study presents a cradle-to-gate assessment of the energy balances and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of Indonesian palm oil biodiesel production, including the stages of land-use change (LUC), agricultural phase, transportation, milling, biodiesel processing, and comparing the results from different farming systems, including company plantations and smallholder plantations (either out growers or independent growers) in different locations in Kalimantan and Sumatra of Indonesia. The findings demonstrate that there are considerable differences between the farming systems and the locations in net energy yields (43.6–49.2 GJ t 1 biodiesel yr 1) as well as GHG emissions (1969.6–5626.4 kg CO2eq t 1 biodiesel yr 1). The output to input ratios are positive in all cases. The largest GHG emissions result from LUC effects, followed by the transesterification, fertilizer production, agricultural production processes, milling, and transportation. Ecosystem carbon payback times range from 11 to 42 years.
dc.publisherMilton Park : Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartofseriesGCB Bioenergy, Volume 4, Issue 2, Page 213-228-
dc.subjectEcosystem carbon payback time
dc.subjectenergy balances
dc.subjectfarming systems
dc.subjectgreenhouse gas emissions
dc.subjectland-use change
dc.subjectnet energy yield
dc.subjectpalm oil biodiesel
dc.titleEnergy balances and greenhouse gas emissions of palm oil biodiesel in Indonesia
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journalTitleGCB Bioenergy-
Appears in Collections:Umweltwissenschaften

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