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Title: Non-linear temperature dependency of ammonia and methane emissions from a naturally ventilated dairy barn
Authors: Hempel, SabrinaSaha, Chayan KumerFiedler, MerikeBerg, WernerHansen, ChristianeAmon, BarbaraAmon, Thomas
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2016.02.006
Issue Date: 2016
Published in: Biosystems Engineering, Volume 145, Page 10-21
Publisher: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Abstract: Ammonia (NH3) and methane (CH4) emissions from naturally ventilated dairy barns affect the environment and the wellbeing of humans and animals. Our study improves the understanding of the dependency of emission rates on climatic conditions with a particular focus on temperature. Previous investigations of the relation between gas emission and temperature mainly rely on linear regression or correlation analysis. We take up a preceding study presenting a multilinear regressionmodel based onNH3 and CH4 concentration and temperaturemeasurements between 2010 and 2012 in a dairy barn for 360 cows inNorthern Germany.We study scatter plots and non-linear regressionmodels for a subset of these data and show that the linear approximation comes to its limits when large temperature ranges are considered. The functional dependency of the emission rates on temperature differs among the gases. For NH3, the exponential dependency assumed in previous studies was proven. For methane, a parabolic relation was found. The emissions show large daily and annual variations and environmental impact factors like wind and humidity superimpose the temperature dependency but the functional shape in general persists. Complementary to the former insight that high temperature increases emissions, we found that in the case of CH4, also temperatures below 10 C lead to an increase in emissions from ruminal fermentation which is likely to be due to a change in animal activity. The improved prediction of emissions by the novel non-linear model may support more accurate economic and ecological assessments of smart barn concepts.
Keywords: Ammonia; Methane; Temperature dependency; Nonlinearity; Regression
DDC: 630
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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