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Title: Sub-micron novolac-derived carbon beads for high performance supercapacitors and redox electrolyte energy storage
Authors: Krüner, BenjaminLee, JuhanJäckel, NicolasTolosa, AuraPresser, Volker
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Issue Date: 2016
Published in: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces , Volume 8, Issue 14, Page 9104-9115
Publisher: Washington D.C. : American Chemical Society
Abstract: Carbon beads with sub-micrometer diameter were produced with a self-emulsifying novolac–ethanol–water system. A physical activation with CO2 was carried out to create a high microporosity with a specific surface area varying from 771 (DFT) to 2237 m2/g (DFT) and a total pore volume from 0.28 to 1.71 cm3/g. The carbon particles conserve their spherical shape after the thermal treatments. The controllable porosity of the carbon spheres is attractive for the application in electrochemical double layer capacitors. The electrochemical characterization was carried out in aqueous 1 M Na2SO4 (127 F/g) and organic 1 M tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate in propylene carbonate (123 F/g). Furthermore, an aqueous redox electrolyte (6 M KI) was tested with the highly porous carbon and a specific energy of 33 W·h/kg (equivalent to 493 F/g) was obtained. In addition to a high specific capacitance, the carbon beads also provide an excellent rate performance at high current and potential in all tested electrolytes, which leads to a high specific power (>11 kW/kg) with an electrode thickness of ca. 200 μm.
DDC: 620
License: This document may be downloaded, read, stored and printed for your own use within the limits of § 53 UrhG but it may not be distributed via the internet or passed on to external parties.
Dieses Dokument darf im Rahmen von § 53 UrhG zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei heruntergeladen, gelesen, gespeichert und ausgedruckt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden.
Appears in Collections:Ingenieurwissenschaften

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