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Title: Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets
Authors: Obst, LieselotteGöde, SebastianRehwald, MartinBrack, Florian-EmanuelBranco, JoaoBock, StefanBussmann, MichaelCowan, Thomas E.Curry, Chandra B.Fiuza, FredericoGauthier, MaxenceGebhardt, ReneHelbig, UweHuebl, AxelHübner, UweIrman, ArieKazak, LevKim, Jongjin B.Kluge, ThomasKraft, StephanLöser, MarkusMetzkes, JosefineMishra, RohiniRödel, ChristianSchlenvoigt, Hans-PeterSiebold, MathiasTiggesbäumker, JosefWolter, SteffenZiegler, TimSchramm, UlrichGlenzer, Siegfried H.Zeil, Karl
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Issue Date: 2017
Published in: Scientific Reports 7 (2017)
Publisher: Berlin : Nature Pulishing
Abstract: We report on recent experimental results deploying a continuous cryogenic hydrogen jet as a debris-free, renewable laser-driven source of pure proton beams generated at the 150 TW ultrashort pulse laser Draco. Efficient proton acceleration reaching cut-off energies of up to 20 MeV with particle numbers exceeding 109 particles per MeV per steradian is demonstrated, showing for the first time that the acceleration performance is comparable to solid foil targets with thicknesses in the micrometer range. Two different target geometries are presented and their proton beam deliverance characterized: cylindrical (∅ 5 μm) and planar (20 μm × 2 μm). In both cases typical Target Normal Sheath Acceleration emission patterns with exponential proton energy spectra are detected. Significantly higher proton numbers in laser-forward direction are observed when deploying the planar jet as compared to the cylindrical jet case. This is confirmed by two-dimensional Particle-in-Cell (2D3V PIC) simulations, which demonstrate that the planar jet proves favorable as its geometry leads to more optimized acceleration conditions.
Keywords: experiment; cryogenic hydrogen jet; proton beams
DDC: 620
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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