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Title: Anomalous transparency in photonic crystals and its application to point-by-point grating inscription in photonic crystal fibers
Authors: Baghdasaryan, TigranGeernaert, ThomasChah, KarimaCaucheteur, ChristopheSchuster, KayKobelke, JensThienpont, HugoBerghmans, Francis
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Issue Date: 2018
Published in: Scientific Reports 8 (2018)
Publisher: Berlin : Nature Publishing
Abstract: It is common belief that photonic crystals behave similarly to isotropic and transparent media only when their feature sizes are much smaller than the wavelength of light. Here, we counter that belief and we report on photonic crystals that are transparent for anomalously high normalized frequencies up to 0.9, where the crystal’s feature sizes are comparable with the free space wavelength. Using traditional photonic band theory, we demonstrate that the isofrequency curves can be circular in the region above the first stop band for triangular lattice photonic crystals. In addition, by simulating how efficiently a tightly focused Gaussian beam propagates through the photonic crystal slab, we judge on the photonic crystal’s transparency rather than on isotropy only. Using this approach, we identified a wide range of photonic crystal parameters that provide anomalous transparency. Our findings indicate the possibility to scale up the features of photonic crystals and to extend their operational wavelength range for applications including optical cloaking and graded index guiding. We applied our result in the domain of femtosecond laser micromachining, by demonstrating what we believe to be the first point-by-point grating inscribed in a multi-ring photonic crystal fiber.
Keywords: photonic crystals; transparency; photonic band theory
DDC: 530
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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