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Title: Urban Brown Rats (Rattus norvegicus) as Possible Source of Multidrug-Resistance Enterobacteriaceae and Methicillin-Resistance Staphylococcus spp., Vienna, Austria, 2016/17 Eurosurveillance
Authors: Desvars-Larrive, AmélieRuppitsch, WernerLepuschitz, SarahSzostak, Michael P.Spergser, JoachimFeßler, Andrea T.Schwarz, StefanMonecke, StefanEhricht, RalfWalzer, ChrisLoncaric, Igor
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Issue Date: 2019
Published in: Eurosurveillance 24 (2019), Nr. 32
Publisher: Stockholm : European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Abstract: The emergence of multidrug-resistant pathogens that are difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat is becoming a global concern for human and domestic animal health [1,2]. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E), carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and meticillin-resistant (MR) Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are recognised as a threat to healthcare and patient safety [1]. One of the most recently described carbapenemase genes, the New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) gene, is located on self-transmissible plasmids that carry several additional antimicrobial resistance genes, which makes NDM-1 a challenge for public health [3]. The role of urban wildlife as reservoirs and/or vectors of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is poorly understood. Not only do they provide a biological mechanism for the spread of AMR genes [4], they are also considered sentinels of environmental pollution by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.
Keywords: rat; multidrug-resistant pathogens; health
DDC: 570
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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