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Title: Fe1-xNix alloy nanoparticles encapsulated inside carbon nanotubes: Controlled synthesis, structure and magnetic properties
Authors: Ghunaim, R.Damm, C.Wolf, D.Lubk, A.Büchner, B.Mertig, M.Hampel, S.
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Issue Date: 2018
Published in: Nanomaterials Vol. 8 (2018), No. 8
Publisher: Basel : MDPI AG
Abstract: In the present work, different synthesis procedures have been demonstrated to fill carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with Fe1-xNix alloy nanoparticles (x = 0.33, 0.5). CNTs act as templates for the encapsulation of magnetic nanoparticles, and provide a protective shield against oxidation as well as prevent nanoparticles agglomeration. By variation of the reaction parameters, the purity of the samples, degree of filling, the composition and size of filling nanoparticles have been tailored and therefore the magnetic properties. The samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Bright-field (BF) TEM tomography, X-ray powder diffraction, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The Fe1-x Nix-filled CNTs show a huge enhancement in the coercive fields compared to the corresponding bulk materials, which make them excellent candidates for several applications such as magnetic storage devices.
Keywords: Annealing; Binary nanoparticles; Carbon nanotubes; Crystal structure; Magnetic nanoparticles
DDC: 530
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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