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Title: Ultrahigh Power Factor in Thermoelectric System Nb0.95M0.05FeSb (M = Hf, Zr, and Ti)
Authors: Ren, W.Zhu, H.Zhu, Q.Saparamadu, U.He, R.Liu, Z.Mao, J.Wang, C.Nielsch, K.Wang, Z.Ren, Z.
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Issue Date: 2018
Published in: Advanced Science Vol. 5 (2018), No. 7
Publisher: Chichester : John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Abstract: Conversion efficiency and output power are crucial parameters for thermoelectric power generation that highly rely on figure of merit ZT and power factor (PF), respectively. Therefore, the synergistic optimization of electrical and thermal properties is imperative instead of optimizing just ZT by thermal conductivity reduction or just PF by electron transport enhancement. Here, it is demonstrated that Nb0.95Hf0.05FeSb has not only ultrahigh PF over ≈100 µW cm−1 K−2 at room temperature but also the highest ZT in a material system Nb0.95M0.05FeSb (M = Hf, Zr, Ti). It is found that Hf dopant is capable to simultaneously supply carriers for mobility optimization and introduce atomic disorder for reducing lattice thermal conductivity. As a result, Nb0.95Hf0.05FeSb distinguishes itself from other outstanding NbFeSb-based materials in both the PF and ZT. Additionally, a large output power density of ≈21.6 W cm−2 is achieved based on a single-leg device under a temperature difference of ≈560 K, showing the realistic prospect of the ultrahigh PF for power generation.
Keywords: half-Heusler compounds; power generation; simultaneous optimization; thermoelectric materials; Antimony compounds; Electric power factor; Electron transport properties; Hafnium compounds; Niobium compounds; Power generation; Thermal conductivity; Thermoelectric power; Thermoelectricity; Half-Heusler compound; Lattice thermal conductivity; Output power density; Simultaneous optimization; Temperature differences; Thermal conductivity reductions; Thermo-Electric materials; Thermoelectric systems; Iron compounds
DDC: 530
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
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