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Title: Technical feasibility study for production of tailored multielectrode arrays and patterning of arranged neuronal networks
Authors: Schürmann, M.Shepheard, N.Frese, N.Geishendorf, K.Sudhoff, H.Gölzhäuser, A.Rückert, U.Kaltschmidt, C.Kaltschmidt, B.Thomas, A.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192647
Issue Date: 2018
Published in: PLoS ONE Vol. 13 (2018), No. 2
Publisher: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: In this manuscript, we first reveal a simple ultra violet laser lithographic method to design and produce plain tailored multielectrode arrays. Secondly, we use the same lithographic setup for surface patterning to enable controlled attachment of primary neuronal cells and help neurite guidance. For multielectrode array production, we used flat borosilicate glass directly structured with the laser lithography system. The multi layered electrode system consists of a layer of titanium coated with a layer of di-titanium nitride. Finally, these electrodes are covered with silicon nitride for insulation. The quality of the custom made multielectrode arrays was investigated by light microscopy, electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The performance was verified by the detection of action potentials of primary neurons. The electrical noise of the custom-made MEA was equal to commercially available multielectrode arrays. Additionally, we demonstrated that structured coating with poly lysine, obtained with the aid of the same lithographic system, could be used to attach and guide neurons to designed structures. The process of neuron attachment and neurite guidance was investigated by light microscopy and charged particle microscopy. Importantly, the utilization of the same lithographic system for MEA fabrication and poly lysine structuring will make it easy to align the architecture of the neuronal network to the arrangement of the MEA electrode.. In future studies, this will lead to multielectrode arrays, which are able to specifically attach neuronal cell bodies to their chemically defined electrodes and guide their neurites, gaining a controlled connectivity in the neuronal network. This type of multielectrode array would be able to precisely assign a signal to a certain neuron resulting in an efficient way for analyzing the maturation of the neuronal connectivity in small neuronal networks.
Keywords: polylysine; silicon nitride; titanium; titanium derivative; animal cell; animal tissue; Article; axon guidance; cell adhesion; cell body; cell maturation; computer aided design; connectome; electron microscopy; feasibility study; geometry; material coating; microscopy; microtechnology; mouse; nerve cell network; nerve potential; neurite; nonhuman; patch clamp technique; pattern stimulation; quality control; synapse; ultraviolet radiation; X ray diffraction; electrode; Electrodes; Feasibility Studies; Nerve Net
DDC: 620
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Appears in Collections:Ingenieurwissenschaften



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