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Title: First long-term study of particle number size distributions and new particle formation events of regional aerosol in the North China Plain
Authors: Shen, X. J.Sun, J. Y.Zhang, Y. M.Wehner, B.Nowak, A.Tuch, T.Zhang, X. C.Wang, T. T.Zhou, H. G.Zhang, X. L.Dong, F.Birmili, W.Wiedensohler, A.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-11-1565-2011
Issue Date: 2011
Published in: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Volume 11, Issue 4, Page 1565-1580
Publisher: München : European Geopyhsical Union
Abstract: Atmospheric particle number size distributions (size range 0.003–10 μm) were measured between March 2008 and August 2009 at Shangdianzi (SDZ), a rural research station in the North China Plain. These measurements were made in an attempt to better characterize the tropospheric background aerosol in Northern China. The mean particle number concentrations of the total particle, as well as the nucleation, Aitken, accumulation and coarse mode were determined to be 1.2 ± 0.9 × 104, 3.6 ± 7.9 × 103, 4.4 ± 3.4 × 103, 3.5 ± 2.8 × 103 and 2 ± 3 cm−3, respectively. A general finding was that the particle number concentration was higher during spring compared to the other seasons. The air mass origin had an important effect on the particle number concentration and new particle formation events. Air masses from northwest (i.e. inner Asia) favored the new particle formation events, while air masses from southeast showed the highest particle mass concentration. Significant diurnal variations in particle number were observed, which could be linked to new particle formation events, i.e. gas-to-particle conversion. During particle formation events, the number concentration of the nucleation mode rose up to maximum value of 104 cm−3. New particle formation events were observed on 36% of the effective measurement days. The formation rate ranged from 0.7 to 72.7 cm−3 s−1, with a mean value of 8.0 cm−3 s−1. The value of the nucleation mode growth rate was in the range of 0.3–14.5 nm h−1, with a mean value of 4.3 nm h−1. It was an essential observation that on many occasions the nucleation mode was able to grow into the size of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) within a matter of several hours. Furthermore, the new particle formation was regularly followed by a measurable increase in particle mass concentration and extinction coefficient, indicative of a high abundance of condensable vapors in the atmosphere under study.
Keywords: aerosol; air mass; Aitken nucleus; diurnal variation; formation mechanism; growth rate; particle size; size distribution; troposphere
DDC: 550
License: CC BY 3.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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