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Title: Sleep apnea-hypopnea quantification by cardiovascular data analysis
Authors: Camargo, S.Riedl, M.Anteneodo, C.Kurths, J.Penzel, T.Wessel, N.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107581
Issue Date: 2014
Published in: PLoS ONE Vol. 9 (2014), No. 9
Publisher: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Sleep disorders are a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Sleep apnea is the most common sleep disturbance and its detection relies on a polysomnography, i.e., a combination of several medical examinations performed during a monitored sleep night. In order to detect occurrences of sleep apnea without the need of combined recordings, we focus our efforts on extracting a quantifier related to the events of sleep apnea from a cardiovascular time series, namely systolic blood pressure (SBP). Physiologic time series are generally highly nonstationary and entrap the application of conventional tools that require a stationary condition. In our study, data nonstationarities are uncovered by a segmentation procedure which splits the signal into stationary patches, providing local quantities such as mean and variance of the SBP signal in each stationary patch, as well as its duration L. We analysed the data of 26 apneic diagnosed individuals, divided into hypertensive and normotensive groups, and compared the results with those of a control group. From the segmentation procedure, we identified that the average duration 〈L〉, as well as the average variance 〈σ2〉, are correlated to the apnea-hypoapnea index (AHI), previously obtained by polysomnographic exams. Moreover, our results unveil an oscillatory pattern in apneic subjects, whose amplitude S∗ is also correlated with AHI. All these quantities allow to separate apneic individuals, with an accuracy of at least 79%. Therefore, they provide alternative criteria to detect sleep apnea based on a single time series, the systolic blood pressure.
Keywords: apnea hypopnea index; Article; clinical article; controlled study; data analysis; diagnostic accuracy; diagnostic test accuracy study; diastolic blood pressure; human; hypertension; male; oscillation; polysomnography; receiver operating characteristic; sensitivity and specificity; sleep disordered breathing; statistical distribution; systolic blood pressure; time series analysis; adult; blood pressure; cardiovascular disease; complication; middle aged; pathology; risk factor; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Adult; Blood Pressure; Cardiovascular Diseases; Humans; Hypertension; Middle Aged; Polysomnography; Risk Factors; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
DDC: 610
License: CC BY 4.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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