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Gioda et al 2009, Chemical Composition of Cloud Water.pdf376.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Chemical composition of cloud water in the puerto rican tropical trade wind cumuli
Authors: Gioda, A.Mayol-Bracero, O.L.Morales-García, F.Collett, J.Decesari, S.Emblico, L.Facchini, M.C.Morales-De Jesús, R.J.Mertes, S.Borrmann, S.Walter, S.Schneider, J.
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Issue Date: 2009
Published in: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Vol. 200 (2009), No. 1-4
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer
Abstract: As part of the Rain In Cumulus over the Ocean Experiment (RICO) and the Puerto Rico Aerosol and Cloud Study (PRACS), cloud water was collected at East Peak (EP) in Puerto Rico. The main objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of water-soluble species (Cl-, NO3 -, SO4 2-, NH4 +, Ca 2+, H+, Mg2+, K+, and Na +) in water samples taken from clouds influenced by tropical trade winds. The most abundant inorganic species were Na+ (average 465 μeq l-1) and Cl- (434 μeq l-1), followed by Mg2+ (105 μeq l-1), SO4 2- (61 μeq l-1), and NO3 - (25 μeq l -1). High concentrations of nss-SO4 2 (28 μeq l-1), NO3 - (86 μeq l-1), and H+ (14.5 μeq l-1) were measured with a shift in air masses origin from the North Atlantic to North American continent, which reflected a strong anthropogenic influence on cloud chemistry at EP. Long-range transport of particles and acid gases seems to be the factor responsible for fluctuations in concentrations and pH of cloud water at East Peak. When under trade wind influences the liquid phase concentrations of all inorganic substances were similar to those found in clouds in other clean maritime environments. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Keywords: Cloud chemistry; Cloud condensation nuclei; Inorganic ions; PRACS; RICO; Sea salt; Cloud condensation nuclei; Inorganic ions; PRACS; RICO; Sea salt; Calcium; Clouds; Commerce; Condensation; Ocean engineering; Oceanography; Concentration (process); ammonia; calcium ion; chloride ion; ion; magnesium ion; nitrate; potassium ion; proton; rain; sodium ion; sulfate; chemical composition; cloud water; concentration (composition); article; chemical composition; cloud; geographic distribution; marine environment; particle size; pH measurement; Puerto Rico; water sampling; wind; Atlantic islands; Atlantic Ocean; Caribbean Islands; Greater Antilles; Puerto Rico
DDC: 550
License: CC BY-NC 2.0
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