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Title: Effects of Climate Change on the Hydrological Cycle in Central and Eastern Europe
Authors: Stagl, J.Mayr, E.Koch, H.Hattermann, F.F.Huang, S.
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Issue Date: 2014
Published in: Advances in Global Change Research Vol. 58 (2014)
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer
Abstract: For the management of protected areas knowledge about the water regime plays a very important role, in particular in areas with lakes, wetlands, marches or floodplains. The local hydrological conditions depend widely on temporal and spatial variations of the main components of the hydrologic cycle and physiographic conditions on site. To preserve a favourable conservation status under changing climatic conditions park managers require information about potential impacts of climate change in their area. The following chapter provides an overview of how climate change affects the hydrological regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. The hydrological impacts for the protected areas are area-specific and vary from region to region. Generally, an increase in temperature enhances the moisture holding capacity of the atmosphere and thus, leads to an intensification of the hydrological cycle. Key changes in the hydrological system include alterations in the seasonal distribution, magnitude and duration of precipitation and evapotranspiration. This may lead to changes in the water storage, surface runoff, soil moisture and seasonal snow packs as well as to modifications in the mass balance of Central European glaciers. Partly, water resources management can help to counterbalance effects of climate change on stream flow and water availability.
Keywords: Climate Change Impact; Hydrological Cycle; Regional Climate Model; River Runoff; Water Resource Management
DDC: 550
License: CC BY-NC 4.0 Unported
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Appears in Collections:Umweltwissenschaften

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