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Title: Oxygen-deficient oxide growth by subliming the oxide source material: The cause of silicide formation in rare earth oxides on silicon
Authors: Bierwagen, O.Proessdorf, A.Niehle, M.Grosse, F.Trampert, A.Klingsporn, M.
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Issue Date: 2013
Published in: Crystal Growth and Design Vol. 13 (2013), No. 8
Publisher: Washington, DC : ACS
Abstract: The fundamental issue of oxygen stoichiometry in oxide thin film growth by subliming the source oxide is investigated by varying the additionally supplied oxygen during molecular beam epitaxy of RE2O3 (RE = Gd, La, Lu) thin films on Si(111). Supplying additional oxygen throughout the entire growth was found to prevent the formation of rare earth silicides observed in films grown without an oxygen source. Postgrowth vacuum annealing of oxygen stoichiometric films did not lead to silicide formation thereby confirming that the silicides do not form as a result of an interface instability at growth temperature in vacuum but rather due to an oxygen deficiency in the source vapor. The average oxygen deficiency of the rare-earth containing species in the source vapor was quantified by the 18O tracer technique and correlated with that of the source material, which gradually decomposed during sublimation. Therefore, any oxide growth by sublimation of the oxide source material requires additional oxygen to realize oxygen stoichiometric films.
Keywords: Interface instability; Oxide thin film growth; Oxygen deficiency; Oxygen stoichiometry; Rare earth oxide; Rare-earth silicides; Silicide formation; Stoichiometric films; Interfaces (materials); Molecular beam epitaxy; Oxygen; Phase transitions; Rare earths; Silicides; Sublimation; Vacuum; Vapors; Oxide films
DDC: 540
License: ACS AuthorChoice
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Appears in Collections:Chemie

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