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Title: Insulin adsorption to catheter materials used for intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients: Polyethylene versus polyurethane - possible cause of variation in glucose control?
Authors: Ley, S.C.Ammann, J.Herder, C.Dickhaus, T.Hartmann, M.Kindgen-Milles, D.
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Issue Date: 2014
Published in: Open Critical Care Medicine Journal Vol. 7 (2014), No. 1
Publisher: Sharjah : Bentham Science Publishers B.V.
Abstract: Introduction: Restoring and maintaining normoglycemia by intensified insulin therapy in critically ill patients is a matter of ongoing debate since the risk of hypoglycemia may outweigh positive effects on morbidity and mortality. In this context, adsorption of insulin to different catheter materials may contribute to instability of glucose control. We studied the adsorption of insulin to different tubing materials in vitro and the effects on glycemic control in vivo. Materials and Methods: In vitro experiments: A syringe pump was filled with 50 IU insulin diluted to 50 ml saline. A flow of 2 ml/h was perfused through polyethylene (PET) or polyurethane (PUR) tubing. Insulin concentrations were measured at the end of the tube for 24 hours using Bradford's protein assay. In vivo study: In a randomized double-blinded cross-over design, 10 intensive care patients received insulin via PET and PUR tubes for 24 hours each, targeting blood glucose levels of 80-150 mg/dl. We measured blood glucose levels, the insulin dose required to maintain target levels, and serum insulin and C-peptide levels. Results: In vitro experiments: After the start of the insulin infusion, only 20% (median, IQR 20-27) (PET) and 22% (IQR 16-27) (PUR) of the prepared insulin concentration were measured at the end of the 2 meter tubing. Using PET, after one hour infusion the concentration increased to 34% (IQR 29-36) and did not increase significantly during the next 24 hours (39% (IQR 39-40)). Using PUR, higher concentrations were detected than for PET at every measurement from 1 hour (82% (IQR 70-86)) to 24 hours (79% (IQR 64-87)). In vivo study: Glycemic control was effective and not different between groups. Significantly higher volumes of insulin solution had to be infused with PET compared to PUR (median PET 70.0 (IQR 56-82) ml vs. PUR 42 (IQR 31-63) ml; p=0.0015). Serum insulin concentrations did not decrease significantly one hour after changing to PET or PUR tubing. Conclusion: Polyurethane tubing systems allow application of insulin with significantly lower adsorption rates than polyethylene tubing systems. As a consequence, less insulin solution has to be infused to patients for effective blood glucose control. Tubing material of the insulin infusion may be crucial for safe and effective glycemic control in critically ill patients.
Keywords: Adsorption; Critical illness; Hypoglycemia; Insulin; Polyethylene; Polyurethane; C peptide; catecholamine; dobutamine; insulin; neutral insulin; noradrenalin; polyethylene; polyurethan; insulin; short acting insulin; adult; aged; article; blood glucose monitoring; catheter; clinical article; comparative study; concentration (parameters); critically ill patient; crossover procedure; diabetes mellitus; double blind procedure; drug adsorption; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; female; fluid balance; glycemic control; human; hypoglycemia; infusion pump; insulin infusion; kidney failure; male; middle aged; priority journal; randomized controlled trial; syringe; tube; very elderly; Article; disease severity; glucose blood level; hypoglycemia; insulin blood level; insulin treatment; scoring system
DDC: 610
License: CC BY-NC 3.0 Unported
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