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Title: Free-standing Fe2O3 nanomembranes enabling ultra-long cycling life and high rate capability for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Liu, X.Si, W.Zhang, J.Sun, X.Deng, J.Baunack, S.Oswald, S.Liu, L.Yan, C.Schmidt, O.G.
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Issue Date: 2014
Published in: Scientific Reports Vol. 4 (2014)
Publisher: London : Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: With Fe2O3 as a proof-of-concept, free-standing nanomembrane structure is demonstrated to be highly advantageous to improve the performance of Li-ion batteries. The Fe2O3 nanomembrane electrodes exhibit ultra-long cycling life at high current rates with satisfactory capacity (808 mAh g-1 after 1000 cycles at 2 C and 530 mAh g-1 after 3000 cycles at 6 C) as well as repeatable high rate capability up to 50 C. The excellent performance benefits particularly from the unique structural advantages of the nanomembranes. The mechanical feature can buffer the strain of lithiation/delithiation to postpone the pulverization. The two-dimensional transport pathways in between the nanomembranes can promote the pseudo-capacitive type storage. The parallel-laid nanomembranes, which are coated by polymeric gel-like film and SEI layer with the electrolyte in between layers, electrochemically behave like numerous "mini-capacitors" to provide the pseudo-capacitance thus maintain the capacity at high rate.
Keywords: Fe2O3; Li-ion batteries; battery performance
DDC: 620
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Unported
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Appears in Collections:Ingenieurwissenschaften

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