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Title: Optical breathing of nano-porous antireflective coatings through adsorption and desorption of water
Authors: Nielsen, K.H.Kittel, T.Wondraczek, K.Wondraczek, L.
Publishers Version: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep06595
Issue Date: 2014
Published in: Scientific Reports Vol. 4 (2014)
Publisher: London : Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: We report on the direct consequences of reversible water adsorption on the optical performance of silica-based nanoporous antireflective (AR) coatings as they are applied on glass in photovoltaic and solar thermal energy conversion systems. In situ UV-VIS transmission spectroscopy and path length measurements through high-resolution interferometric microscopy were conducted on model films during exposure to different levels of humidity and temperature. We show that water adsorption in the pores of the film results in a notable increase of the effective refractive index of the coating. As a consequence, the AR effect is strongly reduced. The temperature regime in which the major part of the water can be driven-out rapidly lies in the range of 55°C and 135°C. Such thermal desorption was found to increase the overall transmission of a coated glass by ∼ 1%-point. As the activation energy of isothermal desorption, we find a value of about 18 kJ/mol. Within the experimental range of our data, the sorption and desorption process is fully reversible, resulting in optical breathing of the film. Nanoporous AR films with closed pore structure or high hydrophobicity may be of advantage for maintaining AR performance under air exposure.
Keywords: coatings; photovoltaic system; solar thermal energy conversion system; optical performance
DDC: 620
License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Unported
Link to License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Appears in Collections:Ingenieurwissenschaften



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