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Title: Radiative effect of aerosols above the northern and southern Atlantic Ocean as determined from shipborne lidar observations
Authors: Kanitz, T.Ansmann, AlbertSeifert, P.Engelmann, R.Althausen, D.
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Issue Date: 2013
Published in: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Volume 118, Issue 22, Page 12,556-12,565
Publisher: Hoboken, NJ : Wiley
Abstract: The direct solar radiative effect of aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean was investigated on the basis of aerosol Raman/polarization lidar observations aboard the research vessel Polarsternbetween Germany (50°N) and either South America (50°S) or South Africa (40°S) in 2009 and 2010. First, a case study of complex aerosol conditions with marine aerosol, dust, and smoke particles in the boundary layer and free troposphere is presented to demonstrate that detailed knowledge of aerosol layering (boundary layer, free troposphere) and aerosol mixing state is required for an accurate determination of the resulting radiative effects. A statistical analysis based on all lidar observations revealed the highest daily mean radiative effect (−43±59 W m−2at the surface, −14±18 W m−2at top of atmosphere) in the latitudinal belt from 0°N–15°N in the Saharan dust outflow region. Mean aerosol radiative effects of the polluted northern and clean southern midlatitudes were contrasted. In the northern midlatitudes, the averaged aerosol radiative effect of all simulations was −24±33 W m−2at the surface which is a factor of 1.6 higher than at similar southern hemispheric latitudes. The simulations based on the lidar observations are in good agreement with colocated pyranometer measurements.
Keywords: direct solar aerosol radiative effect; shipborne lidar measurements above the Atlantic; latitudinal distribution of aerosols; mixed dust/smoke layer
DDC: 550
License: CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 Unported
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